Sprain (sprained) or sprain is an injury that occurs in the ligaments. Ligaments are connective tissues that connect between the bones and support the joints. Whereas damage occurs to the muscles or tendons, it is called strain or tension injury. Tendons are connective tissue connecting bones and muscles. Sprain (sprain) is most common in the ankle. This condition is one of the injuries often experienced by athletes.
Based on the severity of injury to the ligaments, the severity of the sprains is divided into three:
- Level 1 sprain. The occurrence of mild stretching on the ligaments that do not affect the stability of the joints
- Level 1 sprain: Tearing a small part of the ligament that has little or no impact on the joint
- Level 1 sprain: Severe sprain. The total ligaments in the ligaments and joints become unstable.
The Cause of Sprain
Sprains generally occur when there is an excessive stretching or ligament tear due to severe sudden stress on the joint. Some examples of activities that can cause, among others, fall in an unhealthy position, lack of heating, or the wrong exercise techniques while exercising.
Symptoms of Sprain
Sprains cause inflammation or bleeding in the ligaments that can be visible visibly as bruises and swelling around the affected area. As a result of the pain caused by this inflammation, you may have trouble moving the affected part, such as the knee, leg, or leg. When an injury occurs, you may hear a "pop" sound, indicating a shifted joint.
To get a proper diagnosis, the doctor will ask some questions at the beginning of the examination. The doctor will inquire about the activities you are doing before experiencing any sprain, handling or treatment that has been taken, while checking for instability in the joints. The condition of the joints can indicate the severity of the sprain experienced. The doctor will check by observing the infected area and ask you to try to move or place a load on the area.
Several other support tests may be undertaken to check for sprained areas, such as X-rays, ultrasound examinations, or MRI scans. X-ray scans will be recommended in patients with sprains over the age of 55 years and have already had a knee injury that has a greater risk of bone fracture.
In severe or rare cases, diagnosis may be obtained simultaneously with treatment through surgical procedures. Operative measures can help detect unknown torn ligaments when injury occurs.
Treatment of Sprain
Sprain treatment aims to relieve inflammation and swelling. In addition it can to reduce pain in the infected area so that the joints can immediately return to work.
There are several handling steps that can be done at home to help treat sprains, first is to protect and keep the infected area from possible recurrence of sprains. This first step is called Protect.
Avoid doing activity for 48-72 hours after experiencing a sprain so that the infected wrist can rest and obtain adequate maintenance and recovery time. This second step is called Rest (Rest). Use safety shoes or crutches if you are forced to move throughout the treatment period.
Compress an area with a sprained ice cubes as soon as possible to reduce inflammation, pain, and bruising for 10-30 minutes with a 15 minute pause for two hours.