Balanitis is an inflammation of the head of the penis (glans penis) caused by various things. Infection due to balanitis is also the cause of inflammation of the skin that covers the penis on the uncircumcised penis (prepuce). Some things that can cause the occurrence of balanitis include fungal infections, bacterial infections, infectious diseases, skin irritation, and other skin disorders. Balanitis can happen to anyone and at any age. Balanitis is common in children under 4 years of age and in noncircumcised adult males. One in 25-30 non-circumcised people develop balanitis.
Common symptoms appear in balanitis-exposed penis include:
Redness on the head of the penis is red patches to red.
- Blisters (ulcers) on the penis.
- Feels hard, dry, or stiff.
- The head of the penis swell.
- Sometimes a viscous discharge from the bottom of the prepuce causes odor from anaerobic bacterial infection or Streptococcus sp.
- Discomfort during urination.
- It is difficult to attract prepuce (phimosis).
- In some cases the cause of impotence.
- Increases lymphoadenopathy.
- It is difficult to install a Foley catheter.
- Systemic symptoms such as fever or nausea, but are rare.
Causes of Balanitis
There are several things that can cause a person exposed to balanitis, among others:
- Does not maintain genital hygiene. If someone who has not circumcised does not maintain the cleanliness of her genitals, then added to the tightness of the foreskin (preputium), can cause irritation due to fluid in the genitals (smegma). Smegma is a dirty liquid that forms under the foreskin on a tool that is not circumcised. This is the main factor of balanitis.
- Sexually transmitted infections. Sexually transmitted infections can cause balanitis, especially if urinary tract infections occur. A wide range of sexually transmitted infections (eg genital herpes, chlamydia, or gonorrhea) can cause balanitis. Symptoms that appear in balanitis due to a sexually transmitted infection are usually pain in the urine and fluid out of the urethra.
- Nonsexual infectious infections. Various kinds of microbes that normally live on the skin can cause infectious diseases. The main cause of balanitis disease due to nonseksual infection is the fungus Candida sp type. Candida sp is also a fungus that causes vaginal infections and vaginal discharge in women. Candida spidan live on the surface of the skin under normal conditions, but at certain times can cause infection. Several types of bacteria can also cause balanitis in both children and adult males. Infection is easier to occur if a person has the following conditions:
- Experiencing inflammation of the penis due to allergies or irritation.
- Diabetics. Sugar content in the urine can be a source of food for bacteria if not urine on the penis after urination is not cleaned properly.
- Suffering from phimosis. Phimosis is a skin condition that causes the foreskin (prepuce) can not be pulled so the head of the penis can not be cleaned. This condition occurs in children under 5 years old.