Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs, now known as sexually transmitted infections or STIs, are diseases or infections that are generally transmitted through unsafe sex. The spread can be through blood, sperm, vaginal fluid, or any other body fluids.
In addition, the spread without sexual intercourse can also occur from a mother to her baby, either during pregnancy or during childbirth. Repeated or alternating use of syringes among some people is also at risk of passing on the infection.
The following are common exposures to some sexually transmitted diseases.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Caused by Bacteria
Some sexually transmitted diseases that will be covered in this article, namely syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, chancroid, granuloma inguinale, and lymphogranuloma venereum.
Syphilis or Lion King is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial infection of Treponema pallidum. The initial symptoms of syphilis are the appearance of lesions or sores on the genitals or on the mouth. This injury may not hurt, but it is very easy to transmit the infection. This lesion or lesion will last for 1.5 months and then disappears by itself. It should be noted that the lesions are highly contagious, touch with the lesions can lead to a person infected.
If syphilis is not treated, the infection will progress to the next stage within 4-10 weeks after the lesion disappears. At a later stage, flu-like symptoms such as fever, joint pain, and headache will appear. Hair loss to the pitak can also be experienced by the patient.
If left unchecked, syphilis infection may persist in the body for several years without causing any symptoms. Be aware, during which time the bacteria will spread to other parts of the body and can cause serious conditions of paralysis, blindness, dementia, meningitis, heart problems, and coordination problems.
To confirm the diagnosis of syphilis, blood tests can be done. Sometimes symptoms that appear difficult to recognize as syphilis disease, therefore immediately do a blood test if you suspect yourself at risk of syphilis.
Antibiotics such as penicillin injections are used to treat syphilis. If syphilis is treated properly, more severe stages of syphilis can be prevented. Avoid intercourse before making sure the syphilis infection is completely gone, which is about 2 weeks after the treatment is over. Also make sure to check the health of your current partner or the person who has had sexual intercourse with you if you are diagnosed with syphilis. You can find out more about syphilis on this page.
Gonorrhea or gonorrhea
Gonorrhea or gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Some people with this disease do not show any symptoms, so it can not be known at all if he was infected. When causing symptoms, in people with gonorrhea can be found:
- Symptoms of gonorrhea in men:
- At the tip of the penis out fluid is white, yellow, or green.
- Pain or pain during urination
- Inflammation at the tip of the penis
- Sometimes pain is found around the testicles.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women:
- The vaginal fluid is thin and yellow or green.
- Frequent urination.
- Pain or pain during urination.
- Pain in the lower abdomen during sex or after.
- Bleeding during sex or after, or excessive bleeding during menstruation.
- Itching around the genitals.