Nasal polyps are tissue growth in the nasal airway wall or in the sinuses. Polyps are soft tissue, painless and non-cancerous. Polyps have a wine-like shape that depends on the trunk.
Nasal polyps vary in size with similar colors. Large polyps can clog the nasal passages. This can lead to the appearance of polyp symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, difficulty breathing, impaired sense of smell and sense of taste. While small polyps may not cause any symptoms. Polyps do not increase the risk of suffering from nose cancer.
Causes of Nose Polyps
Up to now, the underlying cause of polyps is unknown. Nasal polyps usually contain inflammatory fluid. Growth of polyps is thought to be the result of inflammation due to allergies, infections, asthma or certain immune system abnormalities. Large nasal polyps can also cause piles of mucus in the sinuses of the nose, causing infection.
Nasal polyps can affect anyone, but are more likely to occur in adults. Several factors that may increase the risk of developing nasal polyps are intolerance to aspirin, Churg Strauss syndrome, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, and cystic fibrosis.
Genetic factors are also thought to play a role in polyp growth. A child will be more at risk of developing nasal polyps if his parents have polyps.
How to Diagnose Nose Polyps
The doctor will perform a physical examination on your nostrils, whether there is a nasal polyp or not. This examination is usually performed by an ENT doctor. To confirm the diagnosis of nasal polyps and their location, an endoscopic procedure may be possible. In addition, CT-scan and biopsy procedures can be performed if necessary.
Treatment of Nose Polyps
Corticosteroids can be used as a medicine to shrink the size of nasal polyps. These drugs can be given in tablet, infusion, or spray form. In addition to using drugs for nasal polyps, this condition can also be removed by surgery. This is done if the polyp does not react to the drugs given. Nasal polyps have a tendency to reappear, despite treatment or surgery.
In cases with small polyps, it usually does not cause symptoms, but if large polyps can cause some symptoms:
- Pain in the face
- The sense of smell and sense of taste is reduced or even numb
- A runny or stuffy nose
- Mucus that falls from the back of the nose to the throat
- Loss of appetite.
- Itching around the eyes
- Pain in maxillary tooth
Some of the main symptoms of nasal polyp are similar to flu and cold symptoms. But flu and cold symptoms will disappear after a few days. Symptoms of nasal polyp will not disappear if left untreated. Immediately see an ENT doctor if you feel you have symptoms of nasal polyps.
Complications that can occur due to nasal polyps are:
Sinusitis is an inflammation or infection of the sinus tissue. Sinus is a small hole filled with air around the bones of the face. If the polyps grow in or around the sinuses, fluid and mucus will accumulate in this hole as it is covered by a polyp.
Sinus infection occurs because the fluid in the sinuses can not flow out due to polyps. Here are some symptoms of sinusitis:
- Pain in the face, especially around infected sinuses
- Nasal congestion and watery
- Loss of sense of smell
- Bad breath
Symptoms of sinusitis can occur several times in people who suffer from nasal polyps. If left and prolonged, the infection can spread to the eyes. This condition can lead to swelling of the eyes and affect your eyes.