The brain, spinal cord and nerves are the three body parts that make up the human nervous system. Together, all three function to control all body functions.
Some of the body functions that are controlled by the nervous system are:
- Growth and development of the brain.
- Sensation and perception.
- Thoughts and emotions.
- The process of learning and memory.
- Movement, balance and coordination.
- Recovery and rehabilitation.
- Body temperature.
- Breathing and heartbeat.
When there is interference in some nervous system, then patient can feel difficulty move, talk, swallow, breathe or learn. Patients can also experience a disturbance in memory, senses or mood.
There are three types of nerves in the human body:
- Autonomic nerves. This nerve serves to control the movement of the body that is not conscious or half-conscious body movements such as heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and regulation of body temperature.
- Motor nerves. The type of nerve that controls movement by sending information from the brain and the spine to the muscles.
- Sensory nerves. These nerves will transmit information from the skin and muscles back to the spine and brain. This information is processed so that people feel pain or other sensations.
Symptoms of Nerve Pain
Symptoms of nerve pain vary, depending on the type of nerves that are damaged or damaged. Here are some symptoms that are distinguished from the type of nerves that are damaged or damaged:
- Autonomic nerves. Sweating too much, dull, dry eyes and mouth, difficult bowel movements, bladder dysfunction, sexual dysfunction.
- Motor nerves. Weakness, muscle atrophy (muscle size decreases), muscle twitching, paralysis.
- Sensory nerves. Pain, sensitive, numbness or numbness, tingling sensation, stinging, impaired position awareness.
Causes of Nerve Pain
Just like symptoms, the cause of neurological pain is very diverse. There are over 600 types of neurological diseases. Here are some causes of neurological pain as well as the disruption it causes:
- Hereditary factors: Huntington's disease, muscular dystrophy.
- Improper neural development: spina bifida.
- Damage or death of nerve cells: Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease.
- Diseases of the blood vessels to the brain: stroke.
- Injury: brain or spinal injury.
- Cancer: brain cancer.
- Seizure disorders: epilepsy.
- Infection: meningitis.
Diagnosis of Nerve Pain
Some of the tests that doctors usually do to diagnose neuropathy are:
- Laboratory tests, such as blood tests and urine tests to help diagnose the disease and understand more about the illness suffered by the patient. This test includes an initial examination of nerve pain.
- Genetic testing, including amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and ultrasound ultrasound to determine if nerve pain is passed on to the child. The test also includes a preliminary neurological examination and aims to see whether there is a possibility of a disease in an infant with a family history of having a hereditary disease.
- Neurological examination, including patient's sensory and motor abilities, cranial nerve function, mental health, behavioral changes.
- Imaging tests, including X-rays, CT scans, MRI, SPECT, brain imaging, and fluoroscopy.