Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that affects the fallopian, uterine, ovarian, cervical, or female pelvic tubes. This disease is a major cause of preventable infertility. Pelvic inflammatory cases are mostly found in sexually active women aged 15-24. In addition to infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease that is not treated immediately can cause chronic pelvic pain, and ectopic pregnancy.
Causes of Pelvic Inflammation
Sexually transmitted infection is one of the causes of pelvic inflammation. Bacteria in sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia (chlamydia) and gonorrhea (gonorrhea), are some examples of bacteria that usually cause the cervix to become infected. These bacteria can spread from the vagina to the upper reproductive organs. The cause of pelvic inflammation in most cases is unknown. However, some bacteria that usually live in the vagina can also cause pelvic inflammation. These bacteria will pass through the vagina and infect other organs. Pelvic risk factors are associated with miscarriage, labor, abortion, frequent sexual partners, unprotected sex, pelvic inflammatory history and sexually transmitted infections and vaginal or vaginal douching habits.
Pelvic Inflammatory Symptoms
Reproductive organs infected with pelvic inflammation do not always show symptoms, so in most cases it can be difficult to recognize. Symptoms may include pelvic pain, lower abdominal pain, pain during urination, or pain during intercourse. In addition it can occur high fever, nausea, and vomiting. Whiteness that changes color to yellow or green can also be a sign of infection in the reproductive organs.
Beware also longer periods of menstruation and pain and bleeding that occurs between menstruation or after sexual intercourse. Immediately see a doctor to get a proper diagnosis.
Patients who can not take oral antibiotics, are pregnant, or have ectopic pregnancy, have symptoms of inflammation of the abdominal lining that is absorbed or pelvic peritonitis, is recommended immediately referred to the hospital for appropriate treatment.
Diagnosis of Pelvic Inflammation
Diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disease, obtained based on symptoms experienced by patients. In addition to seeing symptoms, one of the procedures used to find out if a person has true pelvic inflammation is to take a sample of the vagina or cervix. Examination performed on the reproductive organs will provide information on the rate of bacterial infection as well as the type of bacteria that it infects. Some tests may be performed, including blood tests, urine tests, pregnancy tests and ultrasound. Doctors can also perform a CT scan or MRI.
Patients can be diagnosed with pelvic inflammation after the results of tests on the bacteria that cause chlamydia or gonorrhea are tested positive and proven to be at risk for the disease. Although in most cases, the outcome is negative, but that does not mean that the patient does not have the risk of pelvic inflammation.
A laparoscopic surgery or small abdominal surgery may be performed to insert a small camera and see the patient's abdominal organs. The doctor will see or take samples from the organs of the body to confirm the diagnosis of pelvic inflammation. The process of tissue sampling of the uterus for examination is also called endometrial biopsy.
Treatment of Pelvic Inflammation
Treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disease can be done by giving antibiotics to patients who are still in the early stages of the disease. Usually patients will be given antibiotics metronidazole, ofloxacin, doxycycline, or ceftriaxone to treat bacterial infections. Giving antibiotics can be accompanied by painkillers, such as ibuprofen and paracetamol if you feel pain in the abdominal area or pelvis. Pregnant patients are advised to consult a doctor before taking antibiotics.