Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder that causes the sufferer to experience delusions, hallucinations, chaotic thoughts, and behavioral changes. This usually long-lasting condition is often interpreted as a mental disorder considering the difficulty of the sufferer distinguishing between reality and the mind itself. Schizophrenia disease can be affected by anyone, both men and women. The age range of 15-35 years is the age most vulnerable to this condition. Schizophrenia is estimated by one percent of the world's population.
According to data from the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia (Kemenkes) published in 2014, the number of people with schizophrenia in Indonesia is estimated at 400 thousand people.
In Indonesia, access to treatment and mental health services is inadequate. As a result, most of the population in this country, especially in remote villages, often treats mental patients with inappropriate actions such as deprivation.
The cause of schizophrenia
In fact, experts do not know what the cause of schizophrenia is certain. This condition is thought to be at risk formed by a combination of psychological, physical, genetic, and environmental factors.
Diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia
If you have relatives or friends who show symptoms of schizophrenia, immediately take it to the doctor. The sooner the disease is detected, the better. The chances of a cure for schizophrenia will be greater if treated as early as possible.
Because schizophrenia is one type of mental disorder, the examination should be performed by a psychiatrist or psychiatrist. Schizophrenia disease will be detected in the patient if:
- Experiencing hallucinations, delusions, speeches raved, and looks flat emotionally.
- Significant reduction in daily tasks, including a decrease in work productivity and school performance due to the above symptoms.
- The above symptoms are not caused by other conditions, such as bipolar disorder or side effects of drug abuse.
In treating schizophrenia, doctors will usually combine cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with antipsychotic drugs. To increase the chances of a cure, treatment should also be supported by the support and attention of the people closest.
Although already recovered, people with schizophrenia should still be monitored. Usually doctors will continue to prescribe drugs to prevent symptoms of relapse. In addition, it is important for the patient to recognize the signs of acute episodes and be willing to talk about the condition with others.
- The symptoms of schizophrenia are divided into two categories, namely negative and positive. Negative symptoms of schizophrenia illustrate the loss of certain traits and abilities that normally exist in normal people. As an example,
- Reluctance to socialize and uncomfortable to be close to others so prefer to stay home.
- Loss of concentration.
- Sleep patterns that change.
- Loss of interest and motivation in all aspects of life, including interest in relationships
Changes in sleep patterns, unresponsiveness to the situation, and the tendency to isolate themselves are the initial symptoms of schizophrenia. Sometimes the symptoms are difficult for other people to recognize because they usually develop in adolescence so that others only consider it as a teenage phase.
When the patient is experiencing negative symptoms, he or she will appear apathetic and flat emotionally (eg monotonous speech without intonation, speech without facial expression, and no eye contact). They also become indifferent to the appearance and personal hygiene, and increasingly withdraw from the association. Attitude does not care about appearance and apathy can be misinterpreted by others as lazy and disrespectful attitude. This often leads to the destruction of the patient's relationship with the family or with friends.