Scoliosis is an abnormally curved condition of the spine. This disease is more common in children before puberty with the age range of 10 to 15 years. Boys and girls have the same risk for mild scoliosis, but girls are more prone to worsening symptoms and therefore require adequate treatment.
Although most cases of childhood scoliosis are mild and require no treatment, they should be carefully monitored and recommended to regularly undergo X-rays to determine their progress and avoid further complications.
Difficulty breathing and severe pain will usually be felt by adolescent and adult scoliosis patients if the curved spine gets worse. Therefore, early detection is needed to prevent scoliosis from reaching further levels of severity.
Symptoms of Scoliosis
Scoliosis symptoms can be seen from changes in the appearance of the chest, hips, or shoulders. The following are the symptoms of scoliosis that can be seen from the physical appearance.
One hip looks more prominent.
- The body of the scoliosis patient may be leaning to one side.
- One shoulder is higher.
- One shoulder blade appears more prominent.
- Unbalanced leg length.
Scoliosis can also cause back pain, although not all people with scoliosis experience this. Adult scoliosis sufferers often have back pain at the point of the arch, and this pain may increase if the spinal cord is worsening.
The pain experienced by people with scoliosis is very diverse. Some scoliosis sufferers experience pain from the spine to the legs, hips, and even to the hands, especially when they are walking or standing. The pain subsided if they lay with their backs straight or on one side of the body. Some scoliosis sufferers experience constant back pain, regardless of their position. In addition to back pain, patients with severe scoliosis can also have difficulty breathing.
Scoliosis can also affect the nervous system if the nerve endings are compressed by one or more curved spines. This can cause the feet to feel numb or weak, incontinent or unable to resist urination or large. Some male scoliosis sufferers may experience erectile dysfunction.
Symptoms of scoliosis in children may not be realized because it usually does not cause pain and its appearance slowly. If you suspect your child has symptoms of scoliosis, see your doctor immediately for further examination.
Causes of Scoliosis
Most scoliosis diseases can not be prevented because often this condition is unknown cause. There are several types of scoliosis that are grouped according to the cause as below.
- idiopathic scoliosis. The case of unknown cause of scoliosis is called idiopathic. This idiopathic scoliosis can not be prevented, and is not affected by age, exercise, or posture. Genetic factors are thought to play an important role in the occurrence of this condition. Idiopathic scoliosis affects as much as 80 percent of the number of people with scoliosis.
- degenerative scoliosis. Degenerative scoliosis occurs due to spinal damage of the spine slowly. This type of scoliosis afflicts adults because as they get older, some parts of the spine become weak and narrow. In addition there are several diseases or disorders associated with the spine that can cause degenerative scoliosis, such as osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis, and spinal damage caused by surgery.