Kamis, 07 September 2017

What You Must Know about Ankle Sprain


Ankle sprain is an injury that occurs when the ankle spins or twists in the wrong position causing the ligaments that hold the ankle joint to be stretched or torn.

Usually, a person can dislocate while walking or exercising on a flat base or base, slipping, landing in the wrong position when falling or jumping, to the use of footwear of incorrect size and function.

There are three levels of injuries commonly experienced during a sprained ankle, ie mild muscle stretching without joint instability, tearing in some ligaments without accompanied or slightly accompanied by joint instability, and a total ligament tissue rupture resulting in a loss of stability when walking.

In general, anyone at risk of suffering a sprained ankle. But the risk is increased for someone who often do sports activities involving leg muscles, such as basketball, tennis, football and run. In addition, a person who has been dislocated before also has a high risk to experience this condition again.

Ankle Sprain Symptoms

A person may be said to have a sprained ankle when experiencing symptoms such as:
  • Hearing sounds like "pop" when falling or slipping
  • Pain to swelling or bruising on the ankle
  • Unable to walk or feel stiff
  • Skin color changes

See a doctor immediately if you have one or more sprained ankle symptoms to be examined and treated appropriately.

Dielectricity of the Spranged Ankle

Initially, the doctor will ask chronologically the occurrence of injury before doing a physical examination. Physical examination includes examination of joint movement and examination of bruising conditions. If the doctor feels there is an awkwardness or the injury looks quite severe, the doctor may suggest some radiological tests, such as X-rays to evaluate the bone structure of the ankle, CT Scan to see more clearly the bone structure and ligament tissue, or MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) to analyze the ankle more deeply to the soft tissues of the ankle.

Septic Sprain Treatment

Treatment of a mild sprained ankle can be done at home, especially when the injury has just occurred, with the following five steps:
  • Use ice wrapped in a towel or ice pack to compress the dislocated parts for 15 - 20 minutes immediately after injury. Repeat every 2 - 3 hours to maximize the effect. Avoid using ice directly without bandaging a towel or ice bag as it can lead to bruising.
  • Protect the injured part by binding the elastic cloth or using crutches to reduce the risk of swelling. Make sure the fabric bond is not wrapped too tight because it can withstand blood circulation at the ankle. It is recommended to remove the bond before bed.
  • Not doing activities or using footwear that can worsen injuries, such as doing heavy exercise or using high heels.
  • Rest an injured ankle with reduced weight. It is recommended to use tools such as walking sticks to keep the wrists unencumbered.
  • Put a sprained ankle higher than the hip by using a pillow while sitting or sleeping to reduce the swelling.

In addition, you are advised to avoid some things, especially in the time span since the injury, such as compressing or flushing hot water in the dislocated part.
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