Fatty liver is a condition when the fat in the liver accumulates up to more than 5-10 percent of the total weight of the organ.
Diseases with other names steatosis is mostly suffered by people aged between 40-60 years. Most cases of fatty liver cause no symptoms in the patient and do not even cause permanent damage to the liver. But in patients who happen to experience symptoms can feel some of the following, including:
- Lost appetite.
- Weight loss.
- Body feels tired and weak.
- concentration is disturbed.
- Pain in the middle of the abdomen or on the right upper abdomen.
- Swelling of the liver.
In rare cases, fatty liver can also cause symptoms of dark-colored patches on the skin of the arms and neck. The Cause of Liver Escape
Here are some things that can cause fatty liver disease, including:
Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages
Side effects of medications (eg steroids, aspirin, tetracyline, and tamoxifen).
- High cholesterol levels in the blood
- Hereditary factors.
- Hepatitis C disease
- Autoimmune disease.
- Mutual nutrition.
- Body weight dropped drastically.
- Pregnancy (this case is rare).
Diagnosis of Liver Fat
Inflammation of the liver can be detected by the doctor through examination of the patient's abdomen. Some questions that may be asked by doctors include:
- Does it feel weak?
- Is there a decrease in appetite?
- History of disease ever suffered, especially hepatitis (generally hepatitis A, B, C).
- History of alcoholic drinks, drugs and supplements.
Some scanning tests (eg ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI scan) are usually instructed to detect fatty liver disease. Through this scanning test, the amount of fat that accumulates in the liver can be seen on the screen.
In addition to scanning tests, doctors can also detect fatty liver disease by examining liver tissue samples through biopsy or by examining liver enzymes through blood tests.
Liver Fat Treatment
Doctors almost never prescribe a specific drug or suggest surgery to treat fatty liver disease. Usually doctors will only advise patients to:
- Reduce consumption of alcoholic beverages or stop them altogether.
- Reduced weight.
- Controlling blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat healthy foods, such as wheat, vegetables, and fruits.
Limit consumption of high-calorie foods, such as rice, corn, bread, and potatoes.
- Eat chicken and fish instead of red meat.
- Avoid high sugar drinks (eg juice or energy drinks).
If fatty liver is caused by a disease, then the underlying condition should be treated first by the doctor.
In the case of acute fatty liver (short term) during pregnancy, treatment should be done as soon as possible in the hospital because it can endanger the life of the mother and the baby is conceived. Some examples of serious risks that can happen are kidney and liver organ failure, severe bleeding, and severe infection.
Once the pregnant patient is diagnosed with a fatty liver condition, the doctor will advise to remove the baby as soon as possible, then treat the patient intensively for several days or weeks until it recovers.